Basic Airport Security

Local Airport Rules
Local airport rules should contain airport regulation governing the movement and control of people and vehicles on and in the vicinity of airport.
They should be in the form of titled regulations and clearly indicate the local authority and which they are issued.

Regulation No-1
Detailing the title and issuing authority;
Specifying the airport to which they apply;
Defining the powers and authority of security  personnel.

Regulation No-2
Detailing acts (law) and conduct which are prohibited.
Example:
Obstructing or interfering  with the proper use and operation of the airport;
Obstructing any person in the execution of his duty in relation to the airport;
Failing to leave the airport  when direct to do so by an authorized officer.

Regulation No-3
Detailing  control  vehicles.
For example:
Driving a motor vehicle on any roadway in an airport at a speed greater than-----miles or kilometer an hour.
Driving or placing a vehicle carelessly or without consideration  for persons using the airport.
Failure by the driver of a vehicle to stop when require by an authorized officer to do so.

Regulation No-4
Dealing the penalties for breaking airport rules.
For example:
Airport driving permit and identification permit will be with drawn. Typical standard operating procedure for a specific access control point, either within a building or external, will include the following instructions: a. That security personnel on duty at an access control point must ensure that only authorized persons and embarking passengers, properly documented, are allowed access into an airport restricted and controlled are.
b. Security personnel shall check that all persons entering a controlled area in possession and displaying a valid airport identification permit.
c. Security staff will also check that embarking passengers are in possession of valid travel documents including an airline boarding card which indicates the airline flight and passenger details.
d. In the event that any person gains or attempts to gain unauthorized access to an airport area, security personnel will endeavor to prevent such entry and will immediately notify the security supervisor.
e. Details of all incidents will be recorded in the access control point log.

Examples of weapons
f. Handguns-------Rifles.
g. Flare guns------ Short guns.
h. Blow guns and darts-------Pellet guns.
i.  Electrical dart guns-------- spear guns and darts.
j.  Knives with blades over 10 cm long.
k. Make, tear gas, liquids, powder in canisters, or disguised as pens.
l. Martial arts weapons, blades or spiked finger rings and wrist band.
m.  Sword canes and umbrella swords.  

Examples of Dangerous Articles
n. Starter pistols
o. Toy guns when carried by an adult and if they are realistic when carried by children
p. Sharp pointed scissors and litter openers
q. Chisels, ice picks, large screwdriver and knitting needles.
r. Pocket knives with blades over 4cm.

Examples of Explosives
s. Dynamite, TNT and other explosives found in the form of sticks, blades or blockers
t. Plastic explosive, black  powder, flares, smoke bombs and firecrackers
u. Ammunition, cartridges, shells (loose or in clips)
v. Hand grenades and pipe bombs
w. Blasting caps, safety fuse and blasting wire

Dangerous Substances
x. Acids, corrosives and radio-active materials.

Guidelines for the Contents of Local Standard Operating Procedure Dealing the Safety Rules or Operating Security Equipment The local standard operating procedure should ideally contain the following rules and information:
Typical safety rules for operating security equipment. 1.    Walk through metal detector
y. Some detectors can affect heart pace markers
z. Walk through metal detectors can be affect by presence of metal in walls and nearby metal detectors
aa. Calibration setting to be verified at commencement of each shift.
2- Hand-held Metal Detector
 -  Do not place it on wet or metal surface
 -  do not hold or to move it by the head
  - do not use it as a hammer.

Typical Standard Operating Procedure Screening Passenger/Baggage Will contain:
a. Instructions for each member of screening team;
b. Detailed procedures for require hand-held detector
c. Check and physical search of passenger/baggage;
d. Action to be taken if passenger refuses be searched;
e. Action to be taken if ‘’prohibited’’ or suspect’’ item is located on passenger or in passenger’s baggage;
f. Action to be taken if equipment breaks down, e.g. X-Ray not working-physical search of baggage.

The Procedure for the Starting up of an X-Ray Machine Before operating the X-Ray equipment:
A. check that nothing is obstructing the conveyor belt;
B. make sure there the conveyor belt and monitor screen are not dirty;
C. check the exterior of the X-Ray machine for loose wires or connections.
If the item detected is a dangerous article:
a. remove the item from the baggage;
b. tell the passenger the item cannot be carried in the cabin on board the aircraft;
c. notify the airline representative who will arrange for the item to be carried on board in accordance with the airlines security procedures;
d. obtain a receipt or signature from the airline representative;
e. enter the details in the screening point log. Escorting People and Consignments
i. define responsibilities for screening, sealing, safeguarding registered baggage;
ii. state the location where screening is to be conduct;
iii. specify measures for safeguarding baggage from point of sealing to point of loading;
iv. state the method of escorting;
v. define the responsibility for checking  the seals of registered baggage (or container) at point of loading;
vi.  specify  the method for recording details of sealing   and safeguarding.

Note:1
If during inspection/screening you should discover or suspect that there is a Sabotage device-------- the first and most basic commandment is ------ don’t touch it!.
This means don’t open it, don’t shake it, don’t handle it, don’t turn it, don’t unscrew caps or covers, don’t cut strings or wires, don’t take covers from boxes or container.

Note-2
You must contact the police as soon as and as to push out as possible.

Note-3
You must be mentally prepared to do what circumstances require.
Be alert--- don’t panic—protect the other passengers until the police arrive.