Somali Flight Pilot Training (Section Two)
  1. Aircraft Types

Even the smallest aircraft, be they Airplane or Helicopters, are expensive to buy and operate; in the interests of keeping initial investment and sequent running cost to a minimum, the basic Ab-Initio. Aircraft should be as small and light and low powered  as is compatible with the training of professional Pilots.

  1. Basic Stage Training Airplane

The following comprehensive table list the requirements for the ideal  Ab- initio trainer.
It is doubtful if an airplane meeting all these requirements is available, and some degree of comprise will be necessary.

  1. Conventional control system with good handling qualities.
  2. An engine of at least 100 horse power (ph) with conventional engine.
  3. Cruise speed of at least 100 knots (KTS) true airspeed (TAS).
  4. Fuel for at least three hours flight ( 3 hours) with two crew.
  5. Air/ground/air communication, intercom and  ADF (automatic directional find) or VOR or both.
  6. Airplane such as the Piper to Cessna-150 and Cessna 172 or Piper warrior.

3- Synthetic Flight Training (Simulator)
Synthetic flight training should be, and almost certainly will be, a requirement in the curricula   of approved pilot training school.

4- Training Aids
The term ‘’ training aids’’ compress the books and other devices, which support and supplement the work of instructors is carrying out their task.

5- Text Books and Lecture Notes
Everything that a student needs to know to complete the course satisfactory should be available. The text books may be available which cover some, or even a large part.

6- Chief Ground Instructor (C.G.I )
Selection, training and motivation of the ground instructional team is primarily the responsibility of chief ground instructor (C.G.I ).

7- Ground Instructors
Although ground instructors do not require current licenses, they should have extensive experience in aviation, as pilot or navigator or engineer, as is appropriate.

8- Flying Instructional Staff
To the student pilots in a flying school, the flying instructors are a pre-imminent group. The personal and operating examples which the instructors set and the quality of the instruction they import are key factors in determining the standards achieved by  the school.

9- Selecting of Flying Instructors
The supply of experienced, fully qualified and enthusiastic flying instructors for an ab-initio flying training school is often inadequate. It is just at the time when the school is being established that the local airlines may also be actively recruiting pilots.

10- Medical Standard
All professional pilots are required to have a class I medical assessment as laid down in Annex I.


Student Pilot License (SPL)
Age – not less than 16 years.

  1. Medical Class Ii.
  2. Total flight hours 40
  3. Simulator 5 hours.
  4. Cross country 5 hours, distance 150 NM (200 Km).

Note= after complete 40 hours will be private pilot license (PPL).

12- Private Pilot License (PPL)
Age- not less than  17 years.

  1. Medical class II.
  2. Total flight hours not less than 40 hours.
  3. Solo flight not less than 10 hours.
  4. Cross country 5 hours using visual.
  5. Using radio navigation aids.

13- Commercial Pilot License (CPL)

    1. Age- not less than 18 years.
    2. Medical class I.
    3. Total flight hours not less than 200 hours as pilot-in command 100 hours.
    4. Or in case of a course approved training pilot- in command 70 hours.
    5. Cross country 20 hours distance 300 NM (540 Km) with full stop.
    6. Landing at two different aerodromes shall be made of instrument instruction time 10 hours of which is not more than 5 hours may be instrument ground time.
    7. To be exercise at night flight time 5 hours with 5 take-off and 5 landing as pilot-in command.
    8. To act as pilot-in command.

  14- Airline Transport Pilot License (ATPL)

  • Age- not less than 21 years.
  • Medical class I.
  • Total flight hours not less than 1500 hours.
  • Shall have to maximum of 100 hours, which is not more than 25 hours shall have been acquired in a flight procedure trainer or basic instrument flight trainer have completed in airplanes not less than 250 hours either as pilot-in command 100 hours.
  • Cross country flight 200 hours but not less than 100 hours as pilot-in command or as co-pilot performing.
  • 75 hours of instrument time, of which not more than 30 hours instrument ground time.
  • Procedure and maneuvers for IFR (instrument flight rule) operations under normal, abnormal and emergency conditions including simulated engine failure ect.

15-Educational Qualifications
The work of a pilot or maintenance engineer requires intelligence, technical comprehension and a good standard of literacy and arithmetic skill. It is doubt if particularly high education qualifications are necessary; certainly not the university degrees sometimes demand. My people have become successful pilots and engineers without any formal academic qualifications at all. Without any educational specifications, however, the flood of applications may be unmanageable. The majority of applicants will have undertaken some formal secondary or higher education. Those who are intelligent, well motivated and capable of sustained hard work, will have achieved success and the appropriate qualification in their school careers. The minimum educational qualification for entry should be set at the level a good average secondary or high school student can expect to achieve. Pre-entry requirements should lay stress on and give preference to candidates whose courses of study emphasized science and mathematic; but should not completely exclude those with backgrounds in arts and classics.