The safety Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air
When the following terms are used in this Annex, they have the following meanings:
- Cargo Aircraft :
Any aircraft, other than a passenger aircraft, which is carrying goods or property.
One or more packages of dangerous goods accepted by an operator from one shipper at one time and one address, receipted for in one lot and moving to one consignee at one destination address.
- Dangerous Goods:
Articles or substances which are capable of posing a risk to health, safety, property or the environment and which are show in the list of dangerous goods in the technical instructions or which are classified according to those instructions.
A person , organization or enterprise engaged in or offering to engage in an aircraft operation.
The complete product of the packing operation consisting of the packing and its contents prepared for transport.
Dangerous Goods Technical Instructions:
Each Contracting State shall take the necessary measures to achieve compliance with the detailed provisions contained in the technical instructions for the safe transport of dangerous goods by air (Doc-9284), approved and issued periodically in accordance with the procedure established by the ICAO Council. Each Contracting State shall also take the necessary measures to achieve compliance with any amendment to the technical instructions which may published during the specified period of applicability of an edition of the technical instructions.
Limitation of the Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air
Dangerous Goods Permitted for Transport by Air:
The transport of dangerous goods by air shall be forbidden except as established in this annex and the detailed specifications and procedures provided in the technical instructions.
Dangerous Goods Forbidden for Transport by Air:
Under any circumstances:
Article and substances that are specifically identified by Name or by generic description in the technical instructions as being forbidden for transport by air under any circumstances shall not be carried on any aircraft.
Dangerous goods shall be packed in accordance with the provisions of this chapter and as provided for in the technical instructions.
Packing used for the transport of dangerous goods by air shall be of good quality and shall be constructed and securely closed so as to prevent leakage which might be caused in normal conditions of transport, by changes in temperature, humidity or pressure, or by vibration.
Labeling and Marking:
Unless otherwise provided for in the technical instruction, each package of dangerous goods shall be labeled with the proper shipping Name of its contents and, when assigned, the UN number and such other markings as may be specified in those instructions.
Before a person offers any package or over pack of dangerous goods for transport by air, that person shall ensure that the dangerous goods are not forbidden for transport by air and are properly classified, marked, labeled and accompanied a properly executed dangerous goods transport document, as specified in this annex and the technical instructions.
Dangerous Goods Transport Document:
Unless otherwise provided for in the technical instructions, the person who offers dangerous goods for transport by air shall complete, sign and provide to the operator a dangerous goods transport document, which shall contain the information required by those instructions.
The transport document shall bear a declaration signed by the person who offers dangerous goods for transport indicating that the dangerous goods are fully and accurately describe by their proper shipping Names and that they are classified, packed, marked, labeled, and in proper condition for transport by air in accordance with the relevant regulations.
Acceptance for Transport:
An operator shall not accept dangerous goods for transport by air:
- Unless the dangerous goods are accompanied by a completed dangerous goods document, except where the technical instructions indicate that such document is not required;
- Until the package, over pack or freight container containing the dangerous goods has been inspected in accordance with the acceptance procedures contained in the technical instructions.
An operator shall develop and use an acceptance checklist as aid to compliance with the damage or leakage.
Inspection for Damage or Leakage:
Package and over packs containing dangerous goods and freight containers containing radioactive materials shall be inspected for evidence of leakages or damage before loading on an aircraft or into a unit load device. Leaking or damaged packages, over packs or freight containers shall not be loaded on an aircraft.