State of Design

State of Design
The State having jurisdiction over the organization responsible for the  of design.

State of Manufacture
The State having  jurisdiction over the organization responsible for the final assembly of the aircraft.

State of Occurrence
The State in the territory of which an accident or incident occurs.

State of the Operator
The State in which the operator’s principal place of business is located or, if there is no such place of business, the operator’s permanent residence.

State of Registry
The State on whose register the aircraft is entered.

Protection of Evidence, Custody and Removal of Aircraft Responsibility of the State of Occurrence General:
The State of Occurrence shall take all reasonable measures to protect the evidence and to maintain safe custody of the aircraft and its contents for such a period as ,may be necessary for the purposes of an investigation.
Protection of evidence shall include the preservation, by photographic or other means of any evidence which might be removed, effaced, lost or destroyed. Safe custody shall include protection against further damage, access by unauthorized persons, pilfering and deterioration. Request from State of Registry, State of the Operator, State of Design or State of Manufacture.
If a request is received from the State of Registry, the State of the Operator, the State of Design or the State of Manufacture that the aircraft, its contents, and any other evidence remain undisturbed pending inspection by an  accredited representative of the requesting State, the State of Occurrence shall take all necessary steps to comply with such request, so far as this is reasonably practicable and compatible with the proper conduct of the investigation;  provided that the aircraft may be moved to the extent necessary to extricate persons, animals, mail and valuables, to prevent destruction by fire or other causes, or to eliminate any danger or obstruction to air navigation, to other transport or to the public, and provided that it does not result in undue delay in returning the aircraft to service where this is practicable.

Release from Custody
Subject to the provision of the State of Occurrence shall release custody of the aircraft, its contents or any parts thereof as soon as they are no longer required in the investigation, to any  person  or persons duly designated by the State of Registry or the State of the Operator, as applicable. For this purpose the State of Occurrence shall facilitate access to the aircraft, its contents or any parts thereof, provided that, if the aircraft, its contents, or any parts thereof lie in an area within which the State finds it impracticable to grant such access, it shall  itself effect removal to a point where access can be given.

Accident or Serious Incidents in the Territory of a Contracting State to Aircraft of another Contracting State Forwarding
The State of Occurrence shall forward a notification of an accident or serious incident with a minimum of delay and by the most suitable and quickest means available to:

  1. the State of Registry;
  2. the State of the Operator;
  3. the State of Design;
  4. the State of Manufacture.
However, when the State of Occurrence is not aware of a serious incident, the state of Registry or the State of the operator, as appropriate, shall forward a notification of such an incident to the State of Design, the State of Manufacture and the State of Occurrence.
Format and Content
The notification shall be in plain language and contain as much of the following information as is readily available, but its dispatch shall not b e delayed due to the lack of complete:
  1. for accidents the identifying abbreviation ACCID, for serious incidents INCID;
  2. manufacture, model, nationality and registration marks, and serial number of the aircraft;
  3. name of owner, operator and hirer, if any, of the aircraft;
  4. name of the pilot-in-command, and nationality of crew and passengers;
  1. date and time (local time or UTC) of the accident or serious incident;
  2. last point of departure and point of intended landing of the aircraft;
  3. position of the aircraft with reference to some easily defined geographical point and latitude and longitude;
  4. number of crew and passengers; aboard, killed and seriously injured; others, killed and seriously injured;

  1. description of the accident or serious incident and the extent of damage to the aircraft so far is known;
  2. an indication to what extent the investigation will be conducted or is proposed to be delegated by the State of Occurrence;
  3. physical  characteristics  of the accident or serious incident area, as well as an indication of access difficulties or special requirements to reach the site;
  4. identification of the originating authority and means to contact the investigator-in-charge and the accident investigation authority of the State of Occurrence at any time;
  5. presence  and description of dangerous goods on board the aircraft.

Accidents or Incidents in the Territory of a Non-Contracting State
State of Registry
Recommendation: When the accident or the serious incident has occurred in the territory of a non-contracting State which does not intend to conduct an investigation in accordance with Annex- 13, the State of Registry or, failing that, the State of the Operator, the State of Design or the State of Manufacture should endeavor to institute and conduct an investigation in cooperation with the of Occurrence but, failing such cooperation, should itself conduct an investigation with such information as is available.

Accidents or Incidents in the Territory of any State
State of Registry
When the location of the accident or the serious incident cannot definitely be established as being in the territory of any State, the State of Registry shall institute and conduct any necessary investigation of the accident or serious incident. However, it may delegate the whole or any part of the investigation to another State by mutual arrangement and consent.
Responsibility of the State Conducting the Investigation

Nothing in the following provisions is intended to preclude the State conducting the investigation from calling upon the best technical Expertise from any source.

The accident investigation authority shall have independence in the conduct of the investigation and have unrestricted authority over its conduct, consistent with the provisions of this Annex. The investigation shall include:

  1. the gathering, recording and analysis of all available information on that accident or incident;
  2. if appropriate, the issuance of safety recommendations;
  3. if possible, the determination of the cause;
  4. the completion of the final.

The State conducting the investigation shall designate the investigator-in-charge of the investigation and shall initiate the investigation immediately.

Investigator-in-Charge---Access and Control
the investigator-in-charge shall have unhampered access to wreckage and all relevant material, including flight recorders and ATS records, and shall have unrestricted control over it to ensure that a detailed examination can be made without delay by authorized personnel participating in the investigation.

Coordination—Judicial   authorities

The State conducting the investigation shall recognize the need for coordination between the investigator-in-charge and the judicial authorities.  Particular attention shall be given to evidence which requires prompt recording and analysis for the investigation to be successful, such as the examination and identification of victims and read—outs of flight recorder recordings.

Informing Aviation Security Authorities
If, in the course of an investigation it becomes known, or it is suspected, that an act of unlawful interference was involved, the investigator—in--charge shall immediately initiate action to ensure that the aviation security authorities of the States concerned are so informed.

Injuries Persons: